Transportation Statistics by Country

Color Coding Key:

GREEN: Countries ranking first or second in statistic
RED: Countries ranking last or second to last in statistic

The United States consumes nearly five times as much gasoline and drives nearly twice as far as other advanced democracies while charging the least amount for gasoline.

  Average price of gasoline per gallon % of annual income spent on gasoline Cars owned per 1,000 persons Vehicle kilometers traveled per capita 000's of new car registrations, 2007 Walking or biking frequency Public transit usage Road fuel consumption per capita
Australia 4.67 1.72 695   637 43 26 592
Canada 7.92 3.03 607 8,200 894.2 46 23 901
Denmark 8.13 1.36 480       265
France 8.01 0.83 580 6,200 2067.4 60 26 113
Germany 8.61 1.57 572 6,300 3148 69 32 223
Italy 8.61 1.56 679 7,000     160
Japan 5.90 1.76 591 3,900 4400.3 56 36 336
Netherlands 8.89 1.65 527 6,000     239
Norway 10.08 0.84 584 5,700     240
Sweden 8.10 1.97 520 6,300   56 26 330
United Kingdom 7.75 1.77 519 6,500 234.1 54 35 241
United States 3.66 3.18 797 13,000 2377.5 34 15 1,108

Sources:

View Bloomberg gas statistics

Average price of gasoline per gallon View Graphical Data

For quarter 3, 2013 (and updated quarterly). Cost/gallon in U.S. dollars (average).

Percent of annual income spent on gasoline View Graphical Data

Percent of annual income spent on total gasoline purchases, for quarter 3, 2013 (updated quarterly).

The above two indicators have deliberately been set side-by-side in order to highlight the relation between gas prices and gas consumption. The higher the percent of annual income spent on gasoline, the less gasoline consumed. This not only means that people often spend less on gas when prices are higher, but there are less pollutants being emitted and better alternatives for transport being provided (mass transit, less sprawl).

View World Bank motor vehicle statisticsView Graphical Data

For most recent year, 2009-10

View EMBARQ reportView Graphical Data

Estimated from figure below, from Lee Schipper, Improving Vehicle Fuel Economy, EMBARQ, 2007, and Automobile Fuel; "Economy and CO2 Emissions in Industrialized Countries: Troubling Trends through 2005/6," EMBARQ, 2007

Screen shot from the pdf used for estimates above; I could not find specific numbers.

Car Use - Fuel Intesity vs. Fuel Price

National Geographic Greendex 2008: Consumer choice and the Environment, Market Basket Report. The United States also has the most new car registrations in this category per capita, more than the 2nd highest country by 300%.

http://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/media-live/file/GS_NGS_Market_Basket_Report_May08-cb1274129327.pdf

View Greendex reportView Graphical Data

Walking or biking frequency, for 2012. Represents percent of population that walk or ride their bike to their destination either "all of the time" or "often."

Public transit usage, for 2012. Percentage who responded that they use public transit "at least once a week" or "every day or most days," for 2012. Other options in survey included "at least once a month," "a few times per year," "once a year or less," or "never."

View World Bank gasoline statisticsView Graphical Data

Road sector gasoline fuel consumption per capita in kilograms for 2010.

Notes:

Bicycles

"Architect Jan Gehl's Bicycle Revolution," Canyon Kyle, February 1, 2010. Urban planner Gehl offers the same advice that Copenhagen as adopted: if given the opportunity, we can operate and thrive in a more efficient "human scale" when accommodations like infrastructure for bicycles as well as tighter city planning.

"In the Netherlands, Life Runs on 2 Wheels (Sometimes 3)," John Tagliabue, September 14, 2006. Bicycle-friendly planning is the reason why the Netherlands can now boast an average of 2 bicycles per person to which the automobile has fallen behind as a preference for transportation.

"http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/10/world/europe/10bike.html"European Support for Bicycles Promotes Sharing of the Wheels" Elisabeth Rosenthal, November 10, 2008. Bicycle sharing programs have fueled the emergence of an alternative for of transportation with the assistance of technological innovations that facilitate the bike sharing program.

"Riding the 'It' Factor," David Colman, April 16, 2009. Addresses bicycles as an established tradition in places in Europe, especially the Netherland, and as a raising trend. Lightweight, potable bicycles aim to fuel the continued progress of the bicycle as a mode of transportation in cities like New York City.

"Bicycle is king of the road as gas costs rise," Rick Smith, May 29, 2006. Cities which have accommodated in planning with bicycling initiatives have seen notable increases in the use of bicycles and drops in fuel consumption.

"Coming: 95% Recyclable Cars," Jim Motavalli, September 15, 2005. Legislation in Europe has affected the business culture there to such an extent that companies have taken on the responsibility quite willingly to assume the costs of producing recyclable cars.

Alternative Transportation

"Across Europe, Irking Drivers Is Urban Policy," Eliabeth Rosenthal, June 26, 2011. Many major cities across Europe have implemented numerous methods of urban planning that strongly favor pedestrians and public transportations much to the frustration of motor vehicle commuters. According to Rosenthal, the objective has been both deliberate and effective, making Europe's busiest cities a little less congested.

"Overseas, the Trains and the Market for Them Accelerate," John Tagliabue, December 30, 2005. Expanding markets (especially in Eastern Europe and also in Asia) have seen the demand for high speed rails have seen the preference for high speed trains as well as their production increase.

"Crude Arguments," The Economist Online, February 16, 2011. Chart and short article from this link demonstrate that there are other reasons than political unrest and increasing crude oil prices for the expensive costs of fuel.

"US gas is artificially cheap: What we don't pay for at the pump," Sarah Terry-Cobo, June 13, 2011. The price we pay at the pump is not fuel's only cost. Environmental and health concerns (especially in regards to how they effect those of lower socioeconomic standing) will also need to be accounted for.

Ecotax: fueltax

"Fuel Tax Could Cut Emissions U.S. Should Follow Lead of German, Japanese Policies," Craig Morris, December 17, 2006. Contends that higher prices of fuel are key to greater consumption efficiency, not cars with better gas mileage. Increase of fuel prices is suggested to be introduced progressively in order to allow citizens to make accommodations gradually.

Needed:

Current, comprehensive site on auto ownership, gasoline prices in US$ per gallon, vmt, and fleet mpg.

Lee Schipper cited above has by far the best recent discussion I've seen.

Current, comprehensive site on public transit passenger miles / 100,000 persons; % mode shares all trips