International Treaties

According to this survey of international treaties, the United States has failed to multilaterally negotiate and domestically implement some of the most integral international conventions and treaties.

Key:

R: Ratified (full agreement from country's legislature)
S: Signed (only consent from country's head of state; non-binding)
N: Neither signed, nor ratified
W: Signature and/or ratification withdrawn

  AUS CAN DEN FRA GER ITA JAP NET NOR SWE UK US
Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty                       W
Anti-Personnel Land Mine Treaty R R R R R R R R R R R N
Arms Trade Treaty S N S S S S S S S S S S
Chemical Weapons Convention R R R R R R R R R R R R
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty R R R R R R R R R R R S
Convention on Abolition of Forced Labour (ILO C105) R R R R R R R N R R R R
Convention on Bacteriological and Toxin Weapons R R R R R R R R R R R R
Convention on Cluster Munitions S S R R R S R S R S R N
Convention on Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) (ILO C111) R R R R R R N R R R R N
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women R R R R R R R R R R R S
Convention on the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour (ILO C182) R R R R R R R R R R R R
Convention on Equal Remuneration (ILO C100) R R R R R R R R R R R N
Convention on Forced Labour (ILO C29) R N R R R R R R R R R N
Convention on Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize (ILO C87) R R R R R R R R R R R N
Convention on Minimum Age (ILO C138) N N R R R R R R R R R N
Convention on the Rights of the Child R R R R R R R R R R R S
Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities R R R R R R S S S R R S
Convention on the Right to Organize and Collective Bargaining (ILO C 98) R N R R R R S S S R R N
International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights R R R R R R S S S R R S
International Criminal Court R R R R R R R R R R R N
Kyoto Protocol R R R R R R S S S R R S
Minamata Convention on Mercury S S S S S S S S S S S R
Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty R R R R R R R R R R R R
United Nations Convention on the Laws of the Sea (UNCLOS) R R R R R R R R R R R N

Primary Links (in bold)
Complimentary Links
Descriptions
Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty

http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives...

http://www.secularhumanism.org/index... http://www.iatp.org/news/us-is-retreating...
Bilateral treaty between the Soviet Union and United States in 1972 created to limit anti-ballistic missiles. The United States withdrew from the treaty in 2002.
Anti-Personnel Land Mine Ban Treaty

http://www.icbl.org/universal/mbt/states-parties

http://www.iatp.org/news/us-said... http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2009/07/24/...
“The Ottawa Convention” seeks to eliminate the use of land mines. Adopted in 1997, it has 156 States Parties as of 2010.
Arms Trade Treaty

http://www.un.org/disarmament/ATT/

http://www.oxfam.org/en/campaigns/conflict/controlarms/why...
Limits illicit arms trade of everything from tanks and helicopters to small and light arms from being dealt to nation states involved in human rights violations. The treaty was passed in the UN April 2, 2013.
Chemical Weapons Convention

http://www.opcw.org/index.php...

http://www.secularhumanism.org/index... http://www.globalpolicy.org/component/...
Maintained independently by the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, the 1992 treaty has reduced the world’s stock of chemical weapons by 60% with the participation of 188 countries.
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

http://www.ctbto.org/the-treaty/status.../

http://www.secularhumanism.org/index...
The CTBT has been ratified by 153 countries. This effort is to ban all nuclear explosion tests for any reason. The treaty does not go into effect until after 44 prescribed countries ratify it. 9 of 44 of these countries (including the U.S.) have yet to ratify it.
Convention on Abolition of Forced Labour (ILO C 105)

http://www.ilo.org/ilolex/english/newratframeE.htm

http://www.unesco.org/new/en/culture...
International Labor Organization (ILO) effort to completely eradicate slavery and forced labor was drafted in 1957. The U.S. has only signed two of the eight ILO treaties that it considers fundamental for the preservation of human rights. This is one of them.
Convention on Bacteriological and Toxin Weapons

http://www.opbw.org/

http://www.globalpolicy.org/component/...
The BTWC went into force in 1975. 165 countries are committed to banning bacteriological weapons. This represents the first multilateral treaty to disarm a category of weaponry.
Convention on Cluster Munitions

http://www.clusterconvention.org/the-convention/...

http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2009/07/24/...
This recent treaty (having gone into effect August 2010) seeks to eliminate the use of cluster munitions, bombs which carry smaller bomblets in order to disperse harmful material such as land mines or chemicals.
Convention on Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) (ILO C 111)

http://www.ilo.org/ilolex/english/newratframeE.htm

http://www.iatp.org/files/MFN_and_the_GATS.htm
C 111 (1958) is an effort to increase opportunity and fair treatment for employees by terminating discrimination of all kinds.
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women

http://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails...

http://www.secularhumanism.org/index... http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2009/07/24/...
Having taken into effect in 1981, CEDAW is integral in providing a foundation to the women’s rights movement as a human rights issue. CEDAW has prioritized empowering women to vote and a woman’s right to run for elected positions.
Convention on the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour (ILO C 182)

http://www.ilo.org/ilolex/english/newratframeE.htm

http://www.hrw.org/news/2013/10/09/... http://www.globalpolicy.org/component/...
Another recent (1999) treaty, this convention focuses on child labor issues such as children’s role in the services of slavery, trafficking, or pornography. C182 is the second of the two treaties the ILO considers fundamental to human rights.
Convention on Equal Remuneration (ILO C100)

http://www.un.org/womenwatch/directory/equal...

http://www.iatp.org/tradeobservatory...
This treaty strives to make even the compensation for a particular job regardless of sex. Since it was adopted in 1951, 167 countries have ratified it.
Convention on Forced Labour (ILO C 29)

//http://www.hrea.org/index.php?base_id=160

http://www.unesco.org/new/en/culture/...
C 29 urged for the immediate elimination of all compulsory labor, save for exceptions specified within the treaty. The 1930 conventions has had 174 ratifications.
Convention on Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize (ILO C 87)

http://www.ilo.org/ilolex/english/newratframeE.htm

http://www.hrw.org/node/116416/section/8
C87 is concerned with the rights of employees to associate themselves in organizations that promote employee rights. Since 1948, 87 countries have ratified the convention.
Convention on Minimum Age (ILO C 138)

http://www.ilo.org/ilolex/english/newratframeE.htm

http://www.hrw.org/news/2013/10/09/...
C138 (19789 is a treaty complimentary to the other ILO agreements to help eliminate child labor. It urges countries to progressively raise the age required to enter employment.
Convention on the Rights of the Child

http://treaties.un.org/Pages/...

http://www.unicef.org/crc/ http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2009/07/24/...
Promotes protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation; participation in family, cultural and social life; non-discrimination; devotion to the best interests of the child; the right to life, survival and development; and respect for the views of the child.
Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

http://treaties.un.org/Pages/...

http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2009/07/24/...
The convention from 2007 guarantees people with a broad range of disabilities share the same basic human rights as everyone else. It was negotiated in five years, making it the fastest developed human rights treaty.
Convention on the Right to Organize and Collective Bargaining (ILO C 98)

http://www.ilo.org/ilolex/english/newratframeE.htm

http://www.ifpte.org/news/details/Why-Collective...
This convention, like C87, promotes employee organization while fighting anti-union discrimination. C98 was adopted in 1949.
International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights

http://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails...

http://www.secularhumanism.org/index... http://www.globalpolicy.org/component/...
The preamble to this 1966 treaty appends civil and political rights to the rights in the title. The treaty represents a fight against the exploitation of cultures or regions and an attempt to reinforce the recognition of their rights. 160 countries have ratified it.
International Criminal Court

http://www.iccnow.org/documents/Signatures...

http://www.secularhumanism.org/index... http://www.globalpolicy.org/component/...
The Rome Statute of the ICC is the statute associated with the adoption of the ICC and was drafted in 1998. As it’s preamble claims, the ICC shall be “complimentary” to each country’s national jurisdictions, yet uphold international values as an international community.
Kyoto Protocol

http://unfccc.int/kyoto_protocol/status...

http://www.secularhumanism.org/index...
The Kyoto Protocol is a commitment to decrease greenhouse gases in 37 industrialized nation by an average target of 5%. The 1997 agreement places the most responsibility on industrialized nations for having contributed the most to the climate crisis. 187 countries have ratified it.
Minamata Convention on Mercury

http://www.mercuryconvention.org/Countries/...

http://epa.gov/international/toxics/mercury/...
Named after the Japanese city that befell victim to several decades of mercury pollution to illegal dumping of chemical wastes. 140 countries have signed the treaty to limit mercury polution, while the United States is the only country so far in the short history of the agreement to have ratified it.
Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty

http://www.state.gov/www/global/arms...

http://www.iatp.org/files/451_2_37562.pdf
The NPT allows for peaceful use of the development of nuclear energy, yet vehemently urges the disarmament of nuclear weapons and development of nuclear war technology. More than any other disarmament treaty, 187 parties have ratified the NPT.
United Nations Convention on the Laws of the Sea (UNCLOS)

http://www.un.org/Depts...

http://www.secularhumanism.org/index...
In 1982, UNCLOS agreed to a treaty that would establish country’s rights concerning the use and protection of the world’s oceans. The 1982 treaty went into effect in 1994. 158 countries total have ratified it.

Notes:

U.S. makes rare decisive action on Mikamata Convention

The U.S. spedily signed and ratified the Minamata Covnention. The U.S. is the first country to ratify the agreement and as of January, 2014, the only country. 140 countries have signed the treaty including all advanced democracies here.

"... [E]missions from the heavy metal's use in industrial activities like coal burning will be reduced. Closer to home, mercury would be restricted in common household products such as cosmetics, lightbulbs and batteries."

"The Minamata Convention does not ban mercury from small-scale mining, an omission that concerns public health experts. The treaty does, however, encourage nations to reduce and regulate the metal's use."

Stockholm Covnvention on Persistent Organic Pollutants

In May 2001, 127 nations including the United States agreed to ban twelve toxic chemicals: alderin, cloradane, dieldirin, DDT, endrin, heptachlor, mirex, toxaphene, polychlorinated biphenyls, hexachlorobenzene, dioxins, and furans. Although the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants could serve as an instrumental tool in assisting developing countries to ban the toxic chemicals, the agreement could have been more agressive in banning other harmful chemicals if it weren't for the U.S.'s lobbying efforts. Most of the chemicals banned are already prhoibited, domestically, in most developed countries. The United States has signed the agreement but has not ratified it.

Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples: The Washington Post

Originally in 2007, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States were the only 4 countries to vote against the nonbinding declaration. However, since then United States has become the last to support it. In December of 2010, President Obama expressed his intent to revers the United States' position and support it. As U.S. officials continue to discuss the details of the implementation of the treaty, no official signature has yet occurred.

More on the Convention on the Rights of the Child